For Sikhs the history of Visakhi traces its origin from the Baisakhi Day celebrations of 1699 organized by the Tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh to form the Khalsa – Brotherhood of Saint Soldiers to fight against tyranny and oppression. The events after the sacrifice of Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, his son, Guru Gobind Singh became the next Guru of the Sikhs. Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji wished to instil courage and strength to sacrifice among his fellow men. To fulfil his dream, He called on the historic Baisakhi Day a congregation of Sikhs at Keshgarh Sahib near Anandpur on March 30, 1699. On this day Guru Gobind Singh Ji knighted the ‘Panj Pyare’. The Five beloved ones were Daya Ram, a Khatri, Daram Das, a Jat, Mohkam Chand, a chhimba, Himmat, a cook and Sahib Chand, a barber. With the creation of Khalsa, Baisakhi was enshrined in Sikh history.
SATGURU RAM SINGH & BIRTH OF SANT KHALSA
Sant Khalsa means a Singh, a Saint, who is pure in words, thoughts, deeds and has been blessed with Gurumantar by the Guru. They were to follow the strict code of conduct as laid down by Satguru Gobind Singh Jj based on harmonious blending of the spirit of life with that of the moral fervour and physical courage.
Satguru Ram Singh Ji laid the foundation stone of the new socio-religious order called the Sant Khalsa. This was modeled on the pattern of Khalsa conceived by Satguru Gobind Singh Ji. Every Sikh was required to be baptised with Amrit (the sacred nectar), and blessed with Gurmantar in his ears. After 158 years of Satguru Gobind Singh Ji’s establishment of Khalsa Panth, Satguru Ram Singh Ji prepared the Amrit on the Baisakhi day, i.e., 12th of April, 1857, and founded the Namdhari Sect.
The following five persons were the firsts to be blessed with Guru Mantar and baptized with Amrit. They became the ‘Namdhari Sikhs’ – The Sant Sipahi’s – the Sant Khalsa.
- Sant Kahan Singh Nihang: He belonged to the village Chak Kalan, of Malerkotla. He was Subedar in the Sikh regiment along with Satguru Ram Singh Ji. He had become a true devotee of Satguru Ram Singh Ji, while he was still in the army. After the battle of Mudaki, he left the army and came to Sri Bhaini Sahib.
- Sant Labh Singh: He vas a famous ragi (musician) from Amritsar. One day he heard the heavenly voice, while sleeping, “if you want to have darshan of the Guru, come to Bhaini sahib”. He woke up from sleep and irnmediarely left for Sri Bhaini Sahib.
- Sant Atma Singh: He was a learned person from district Sialkot. He went in search of me true Guru to Sri Bhaini Sahib, where all his desires were fulfilled.
- Sant Naina Singh: He was from the village Wariyah district Amritsar. He had a keen desire to receive blessings from the Guru. Sant Labh Singh guided him to go to Sri Bhaini Sahib and have the blessings of the Guru.
- Sant Sudh Singh: He was from the village Durgapur district Jallandhar.
They were then called Sant Khalsa or Namdhari Sikhs.