Avtar Or Parkash Diwas: Poh Sudi 7,1723 Bikrami Sunday
Date of Birth: 22 December 1666
Place of Birth: Patna Sahib (Bihar)
Gurgaddi Diwas: 12 Magar 1732 Bikrami (11.11.1675) Anandpur Sahib
Alop Diwas: 7.11.1708
Joti Jot Diwas: 1812
Father: Guru Teg Bahadur Jee Mother: Mata Gujree Jee
Wife/Wives: Mata Ajito Jee / Mata Sundri Jee / Mata Sahib Devan Jee
Children: Sahibjade Ajit Singh Jee / Sahibjade Jujhar Singh Jee / Sahibjade Jorawar Singh Jee / Sahibjade Fateh Singh Jee
Q.102 When and where was Guru Gobind Singh Ji born ?
Ans. Date of birth : Poh Sudi Seventh, Vikrami Samvat 1723, 22 December 1666 A.D.
Place of birth : Patna Sahib
Q.103 Furnish information about the family of Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
Ans. Father: Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, Mother :Mata Gujjari Ji.
Wives: Mata Jeeto Ji, Mata Sundari Ji & Mata Sahib Devan Ji.
Sons:Sahibzada Ajit Singh Ji,born in 1684 A.D.
Sahibzada Jujhar Singh Ji,bom in 1690 A.D.
Sahibzada Zoravar Singh Ji,born in 1697 A.D., and ,
Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji,born in 1699 A.D.
Q.104 When was Guru Gobind Singh Ji enthroned as the Tenth Guru?
Ans. He was enthroned as the Guru on 11 Nov. 16 75 A.D.(1 Maghar sudi S,Vikrami Samvat 1732)
Q.105 When and where did Guru Gobind Singh Ji establish the Khalsa Panth?
Ans. In Vikrami Samvat 1756, 1699 A.D. in Anand Pur Sahib on the day of Baisakhi, the Khalsa Panth was established at Anandpur Sahib.
Q.106. List the names of the five Piaras (The five Dearest Sikhs ) of Guru Gobind Singh Ji ?
Ans. Bhai Daya Singh Ji, Bhai Dhamm Singh Ji, Bhai Himmat Singh Ji, Bhai Mohkam Singh Ji, Bhai Sahib Singh Ji
Q.107 When was Ranjit Nagara established ?
Ans. Ranjit Nagara was established on April 2, 1678 A.D.
Q.108 When did the Emperor Aurangzeb bar his subjects from reciting `Ragas’ ?
Ans. In 1670 AD.
Q.109 When was the ‘Battle of Bhangani’ fought?
Ans. At Bhangani (16 miles away from Paunta Sahib) a battle took place between Guru Gobind Singh and the Mughal Army in 1686 A.D. (Vikrami Samvat 1743)
Q.110 Who started ‘Holla Mohalla’ and when ?
Ans. ‘Holla Mohalla was started in 1687 A.D. by Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
Q.111 Give the names of the Forts built by Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji ?
Ans. Fatehgarh, Anandgarh, Kesgarh, Lohgarh, Holgarh and Nirmohgarh forts.
Q.112 When and between whom was the ‘Battle of Hussaini’ fought?
Ans. A battle took place between Hussain Khan and Guru Gobind Singh Ji in Anandpur Sahib in 1693 A.D.
Q.113 When did Guru Gobind Singh Ji perform a’Hawan’ on the Naina Devi Hill?
Ans. Guru Gobind Singh Ji performed a Hawan on the Naina Devi hill in 1697 A.D. (Vikrami Samvat 1754) during Nauratras. The Hawan continued for one year.
Q.114 What reason did Guru Gobind Singh Ji give to Pandit Keshav Nath for performing the Havan ?
Ans. Guru Gobind singh Ji said “The Havan will purify the atmosphere, put an end to evil deeds, all human sufferings and famine. In this atmosphere great warriors will be born. It will lead to the spread of religion everywhere”.
Q.115 Who said these words and when – “This sword of mine, demands a sacrifice, Is there anyone who will quench its thirst?”
Ans. Guru Gobind Singh Ji said these words while addressing the Sangat (Congregation) in Anandpur Sahib on the Baisakhi day of 1756 Samvat. 1699 A.D.
Q.116 When did Guru Gobind Singh Ji leave the fort of Anandpur Sahib?
Ans. He left the fort on 20th December, 1704 A.D. along with His four sons. Mata Sundri Ji, Mata Gujjari Ji and some 500 Sikhs.
Q.117 “Neel baster le kapre phare turk Pathani amal gaya”.
Give a brief description of this line ascribed to Guru Gobind Singh.
Ans. Due to the blood thirsty pursuit of the Mughal Army, Guru Gobind Singh Ji had disguised himself as “Ucch Da Peer” by wearing black clothes and was able to get away from Machhiwara. Then at Dhiliuan, He met Sodhi Kaul Rai who gave white clothes to Guru Ji and requested Him to wear the white clothes. After doing so, Guru Ji had tom apart and burnt the black clothes and uttered this line. When Sodhi Kaul Rai Ji reminded Him that this was not the original couplet (as sung by Guru Nanak in Assa Di Vaar) , then Guru ji answered him “Guru sahayo hum Sarbans Gaar. Tuk paltai hit upkaar” i.e. For changing this couplet I have sacrificed my whole family, or seven heads ( of the 5th, 7th & 9th Guru plus his four sons).
Q.118 Give information about Banda Bahadur.
Ans. Banda Bahadur Ji was born in 1670 A.D. (Katak Sudi 13 Vikrami Samvat 1727) in Rajauri (Jammu).He had become very sad when he saw some hunted animals dying. After that, he gave up hunting/ killing and became a pure vegeterian. His original name was Madho Dass. In Vikrami Samvat 1764-65 (1707-1708 A.D.) Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji went to his place on the bank of the river Godawari, converted him into a saint- soldier and named him Banda Bahadur. On the orders of Guru Gobind Singh, he came to the Punjab. He fought and won many battles. Then differences arose between him and the Sikhs. He took revenge of the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh whom the Muslim Governor of Sirhind (Nawab Wazir Khan) had killed in cold blood. Banda had conquered many places. But at last, in Vikrami Samvat 1773 (1716 A.D.) he, along with his 700 companions, was brutally murdered in Delhi by the order of then Mughal Emperor Farkhusiar.
Q.119 At which places did the Sahibzadas attain martyrdom?
Ans. Sahibzada Ajit Singh Ji and Jujhar Singh Ji attained martyrdom in Chamkaur on December 22 in 1704 A.D.(17 Maghar Vikrami Samvat 1761) while Sahibzada Zoravar Singh Ji and Fateh Singh Ji in Sirhind on 12/13 Poh Vikrami Samvat 1761 (27-28 December, 1704 A.D.)
Q.120 How were younger Sahibzadas martyred?
Ans. They were martyred by bricking them alive in a wall i.e. they were made to stand and a wall was erected around them and were, later, beheaded.
Q.121 With which name did Guru Gobind Singh Ji was known in “Nabhey Di Jhiri” (a thick grove of trees outside the town of Nabha in Punjab).
Ans. By the name of Baba Ajay Pal Singh Ji.
Q.122 When and whom did Guru Gobind Singh Ji make His successor?
Ans. Guru Gobind Singh Ji conferred the succession of Gurgaddi to Guru Balak Singh Ji on the shore of Haro River (in Attock) on Baisakh Sudi 10, Vikrami Samvat 1869.
Q.123 When and where did Guru Gobind Singh pass away ?
Ans. Guru Gobind Singh passed away at Nabha on Jeth Sudi 5, Vikrami Samvat 1869 (1812 A.D.)