Avtar Or Parkash Diwas: Har Vadi 6, 21 Harr 1652 Bikrami
Date of Birth: 19 June 1595
Place of Birth: Village Guru Ke Wadali District Amritsar
Gurgaddi Diwas: Jeth Sudi 4, 1663 Bikrami (30.5.1606) Amritsar
Joti Jot Diwas: Chet 7,1701 Bikrami (3.3.1644) Kirat Pur Sahib
Father: Guru Arjan Dev Jee Mother: Mata Ganga Jee
Wife/Wives: Mata Damodri Jee / Mata Nanki Jee / Mata Mahandevee Jee
Children: Baba Gurditta Jee / Bibi Veero Jee, Ani Rai Jee / Baba Atal Rai Jee / Guru Teg Badadur Jee / Baba Suraj Mal
Q. 54 When and where was Guru Hargobind Ji born ?
Ans. He was born on Ashad wadi 6, Vikrami 1652 ; on 14th of June 1595 A.D. at Village Guru Ki Wadali.
Q. 55 Who were the parents of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji ?
Ans. Father: Shri Guru Arjan Dev Ji and Mother Mata Ganga Ji.
Q. 56 Which change was made by Guru Hargobind Sahib in Guru Nanak’s Maryada ?
Ans. In addition to Nam Simran, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji ordered the Sikhs to become warriors and fighters so that war against cruelty may be fought. He wore two swords, one of temporal and the second one of spiritual supremacy.
Q. 57 Why is Guru Hargobind Sahib known as ‘Prisoner-Reliever’ ?
Ans. Because at the time of His release from Gwaliar Fort as a prisoner, He got other 52 jailed kings (of BaiDhaar) released along with Him.
Q. 58 Furnish information about the marriage of Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.
Ans. He was married to Bibi Nanki Ji, Bibi Damodri Ji and Bibi Maha Devi Ji.
Q. 59 Furnish information about the children of Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.
Ans. He had five sons and one daughter :
- Baba Gurditta Ji – born in 1613 A.D.
- Suraj Mall Ji – born in 1617 A.D.
- Ani Rai Ji – born in 1618 A.D.
- Atall Rai Ji – born in 1619 A.D.
- Baba Teg Mal Ji (Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji) – born in 1621 A.D.
- Bibi Biroji – born in 1615 A.D.
Q. 60 When was Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji enthroned as a Guru?
Ans. He was enthroned on 30th May 1663 A.D.; Jeth Sudhi 4th Samwat 1606 Vikrami. He was aged 11 years at that time.
Q. 61 Which Mughal Emperor imprisoned Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji?
Ans. Guru Hargobind was imprisoned by the Mughal Emperor Jahangir.
Q. 62 When and where was Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji imprisoned?
Ans. He was imprisond in Vikrami 1668 Samvat, for two years from 1611 to 1613 A.D. in Gwalior Fort.
Q. 63 How many battles, Guru Har Gobind Ji fought against the Mughal Government and where ?
Ans. He fought four battles:
- 1628 A.D. , Vikrami Samwat 1685 at Amritsar
- At Hargobind Pur Samvat 1687 Bikrami, in 1630 A.D.
- At Nathana Malwaj in 1631 A.D.,Vikrami Samvat 1628.
- At Kartar Pur in Vikrami Samvat 1691, 1634 A.D.
Q. 64 When and where did Guru Hargobind Ji breathe His last?
Ans. On 7th Chet Sudhi 5, Samvat 1701 Vikrami, 3rd of March 1644 A.D. at Kiratpur Sahib.
Q. 65 For how long Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji remained as the Sikh Guru?
He remained as the Sikh Guru for about 38 years