Avtar Or Parkash Diwas: Vaisakh Vadi 5 5th Vaisakh, 1678 Bikrami
Date of Birth: April 1, 1621
Place of Birth: Amritsar
Gurgaddi Diwas: 14 Chet Sudi 1721 Bikrami (30.3.1664) Village Baba Bakala
Joti Jot Diwas: Maghar Sudi 5,1732 Bikrami (11.11.1675) Martyred at Delhi
Father:Guru Har Gobind Jee Mother: Mata Nanki Jee
Wife: Mata Gujree Jee
Children: Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji
Q. 79 Furnish details of Guru Teg Bahadar Ji’s birth and his family
Ans. Date of Birth: 5 Baisakh Wadi Vikrami Samvat 1678 April 1, 1621 A.D.
Birth place : Amritsar
Father: Shri Hargobind Sahib Ji, Mother: Mata Nanki Ji, Wife: Mata Gujri Ji, Son: Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
Q. 80 What was the previous name of Shri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji?
Ans. Shri Teg Mal Jee.
Q. 81 When did Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji visit Bakala village and for how long did he stay there?
Ans. By the order of His father Guru Hargobind Ji, Shri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, along with His mother went to Bakala in Vikrami Samvat 1701, and stayed there for twenty years.
Q. 82 How was His name of Teg Mall’ changed to ‘Teg Bahadur’?
Ans. In Vikrami Samvat 1691, 1634 A.D., He (along with his father Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji) at Kartarpur in a fight with Paindey Khan, had fought very bravely with his sword. So Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji named Him Tegh Bahadur meaning “The brave wielder of the Sword”.
Q. 83 Who had traced Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji during his long stay (meditation period) in Bakala?
Ans. Makhan Shah Lubana was an overseas merchant. Once, while on a voyage, when his ship began to sink due to a tempest in the sea; Makhan Shah promised to give 500 gold coins to the true Guru who will save his ship. Since his ship was saved, he started searching the true Guru. When he came to Bakala, he found that 22 persons were claiming themselves to be the Guru. So he began his search by offering 5 gold coins to each claiment. When he came to Guru Teg Bahadur, He asked him the reason for offering only 5 gold coins instead of 500. Upon this, Makhan Shah became hilarious and spread the news by yelling and openly declaring in Bakala that the true Guru had been found.
Q. 84 Who was Makhan Shah Lubana ?
Ans. He was a businessman, whose sinking ship was rescued by virtue of his prayer to the living Guru of that time.
Q. 85 Write, in detail, the incident pertaining to the Adi Granth Sahib at the time of leaving Baba Bakala ?
Ans. Shri Guru Tegh Bahdur Ji wished to hand over the Granth Sahib to Dhirmall. Since they could not meet in person, Guru Ji placed the Granth Sahib in the river Beas and sent a message to Dhirmall. After getting this message, Dhirmall alongwith some experienced divers came and tried his level best but he could not succeed in recovering the Granth Sahib. Then a Sikh advised him to pray to the Guru of the Time (Guru Teg Bahadur Ji) in order to be successful. So when Dhirmall did so, he succeded in recovering the Granth Sahib. This meant that the contemporary Guru is the Master of the Time and He alone can help in all odd situations and answers genuine prayers.
Q. 86 When did Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji visit the Harimandir Sahib at Amritsar?
Ans. He went to Harimandir Sahib in the month of Asahr Vikrami Samvat 1721.
Q. 87 Who stopped Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji from entering Harimandir Sahib?
Ans Guru Teg Bahadur Ji was stopped from entering Harimandir Sahib by Har Ji who was the son of Baba Meharban and the grandson of Frithi Chand
Q. 88 Where did Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji go to preach during his tenure as a Guru?
Ans. He went to preach in Malwa, to Dhaka, to Calcutta, Jagan Nath Puri, Patna, Benaras, Nanak Matta, Delhi and Haridwar.
Q. 89 Give detailed information about the cruelities inflicted on the Hindus by Aurangzeb ?
Ans. Aurangzeb had become the emperor after imprisoning his father and murdering his brothers. He was determined to make India a MuslimState. He had doubled the octroi-charge for Hindus in comparison to Muslims. He had dismantled the temples of Mathurn, Benaras and Gujrat. He had put restriction on the Hindu festivals of Holi and Diwali. Burning of dead bodies on the river banks was not allowed. Hindus were not allowed to sit in Palkies and on Irani horses. Any Hindu culprit was set free if he became a Muslim.
Q. 90 “If Guru Teg Bahadur becomes a Muslim, we all will our-sleves become Muslims” By whom and before whom these words were said?
Ans. These words were said by the Kashmiri Pandits to Aurangzeb in Vikrami Samwat 1752, 1675 A.D.
Q. 91 Give a brief sketch about the life of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji?
Ans. For nearly 23 years He remained with His father Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji and for 20 years, He worshipped God deeply and extensively. He remained Guru for 10 years, seven months and 18 days. He lived for 54 years 4 months and seven days.
Q. 92 When did Guru Tegh Bahadur go to Amritsar to pay his obeisance at the Harimandir Sahib? What was the behavior of the management of the GoldenTemple ?
Ans. They had locked the doors of the Harimandir Sahib fearing the seizure of the temple and termination of their rich source of earnings.
Q. 93 What was the original name of Anand Pur Sahib, When and how was it built ?
Ans. Its land was purchased by Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji. Its first name was Chakk Nanaki. Its foundation stone was laid by Baba Gurditta Ji on 21st of Aasharh, Vikrami Samvat 1722 , June 19 1665 A.D. The Kesh Garh Fort was built by Guru Gobind Singh Ji. It was then named Anand Pur Sahib.
Q. 94 Which three conditions had Aurangzeb put before martyring Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji?
Ans. (1) Show your miracles, or…. (2) Become a Muslim, or….. (3) Be ready to die.
Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji refused to accept first two conditions and aceepted the third one for the upkeep of his religion.
Q. 95 Name those Sikhs who were also martyred along with Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji and how ?
- Ans: Bhai Mati Dass Ji was cut alive vertically into two pieces (with a wood-saw), on November 10, 1675 A.D.
- Bhai Diala Ji was boiled in hot water on 10 November 1675 A.D.
- Bhai Sati Dass Ji was wrapped in cotton and burnt alive on 10 Nov., 1675 A.D. in Delhi.
Q. 96 Give details of the Gurbani written by Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji?
Ans. He wrote 59 Dupadas, and Tipadas in Raga form. In addition to this , He had written 57 Slokas which were included in the Adi Granth on pages 1426 to 1430.
Q. 97 Before which Guru, Bhai Diala was martyred?
Ans. Before Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji
Q. 98 Who had brought the head of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji to Sri Anandpur Sahib?
Ans. Bhai Jaita Ji
Q. 99 When and where was Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji martyred ?
Ans. At Chandni Chowk Delhi on 12th of Maghar Vikrami Samvat 1732 ; November 11, 1675 A.D.
Q.100 Why did Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji become a martyr?
Ans. To save Hindus and Hindustan from the cruelties of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb
Q.101 Why is Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji called “Hind di Chadar” ?
Ans. Sri Guru Teg Bahadur ji is called “Hind di Chadar” because he had sacrificed his life for the sake of the Hindu community and for his religion.