+ Avtar Or Parkash Diwas: Maghsudi 5, 1872, Thursday, Basant Panchmi
+ Date of Birth: 3 February 1816
+ Place of Birth: Village Riayan (Bhaini Sahib)
+ Gurgaddi Diwas: Asu 1, 1898 Bikrami (1841) Village Hazron
+ Deportation date (Pardes Gavan): Exiled by British Government of India on 18 Jan 1872 to Burma
+ Father: Baba Jassa Singh Jee
+ Mother: Mata Sada Kaur Jee
+ Wife: Mata Jassan Jee
+ Children: Bibi Daya Kaur Jee / Bibi Nand Kaur Jee.
Q.131 When and where was Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji born ?
Ans. Date of birth: Magh Sudi 5 Vikrami Samvat 1872 Basant Panchmi (Thursday , Feburary 13 1816 A.D.)
Place of birth: Village Rayian (Ludhiana)
Q.132 Furnish information about the family of Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji.
Ans Father: Baba Jassa Singh Ji Mother: Mata Sada Kaur Ji Brother: Bhai Budh Singh Ji (Satguru Hari Singh Ji) Sisters: Bibi Ram Kaur, Bibi Sahib Kaur.
Wife: Mata Jassan Ji
Children: Bibi Nandan, Bibi Daya Kaur.
Q.134 When and where was Satguru Ram Singh Ji given the Gurugaddi ?
Ans. Satguru Ram Singh Ji was given the Gurugaddi by Satguru Balak Singh ji in Hazaron in 1841 A.D. (Vikrami Samvat 1898)
Guru Balak Singh bestowing the Gur-Gaddi to Satguru Ram Singh Ji
When Satguru Ram Singh visited Guru Balak Singh to pay his respects the latter was engaged in interpreting the hymn ‘I have come for your protection, Master.’ WhenSatguru Ram Singh prostrated himself in the usual way Guru Balak Singh said, ‘Come, my Lord and Master! I have awaited your coming for a long time.’ Joyfully he arose (he had been sitting behind the Sri Granth Sahib) and lovingly embraced Satguru Ram Singh. He then introduced him to the assembled congregation and initiated him by whispering the divine mantra in his ear.Guru Balak Singh then commissioned him with the sacred duty of preaching the message of deliverance to all who dwell in ignorance. Placing five copper coins and a coconut before him he entrusted him with the divine responsibility of serving as Guru.
Thus the Guru’s succession which had extended from S. 1526 to S.1765 [1469-1708 AD] did not come to an end. . .. It continued to run, the inheritance passing from Guru Gobind Singh through Guru Balak Singh to Satguru Ram Singh.
Q.135 When and where did Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji baptise the Sant Khalsa ?
Ans. On 12th April 1857 A.D., (the Baisakhi Day), Ist Baisakh Vikrami
Samvat 1914 at Shri Bhaini Sahib
Q.136 Name the three Namdhari Sikhs who were hanged at Raikot.
Ans. Sant Mastan Singh Ji, Sant Mangal Singh Ji, Sant Gurmukh Singh Ji (all from a village called ‘Pitho’ in Punjab).
Q.137 . When was the slaughter house of Raikot attacked by Namdharis?
Ans. On Ist Savan Vikrami Samvat 1928 at midnight of 15th July 1871 A.D.
Q.138 When were the two Namdhari Sikhs hanged in Ludhiana on the pretext of the Raikot butcher murder case ?
Ans. Suba Giani Rattan Singh Ji and Sant Rattan Singh Ji Naaiwala were hanged on 26th Nov. 1871 A.D. in front of the Central Jail Ludhiana on the false pretext of being involved in the Rai Kot case since both of them were influential Namdhari leaders of that time.
Q.139 Which five Sikhs (Panj Piaras) were first baptised by Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji ?
Ans. Bhai Kahan Singh Ji Nihang, Bhai Labh Singh Ragi, Bhai Sudh Singh, Bhai Atma Singh Ji, Bhai Naina Singh Ji.
Q.140 When, where and which Satguru Ji baptised women for the first time?
Ans. Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji baptised women for the first time in Sikh History in 1863 A.D. (Vikrami Samvat 1920 on the full moon of Jeth) at Village Siarh in Ludhiana District.
Q.141 When, where and which Satguru ji preformed marriage ceremony as per Anand Karaj Maryada for the first time?
Ans. Marriages as per the Anand Karaj Maryada were preformed for the first time at Village Khotey (then in Distt. Firozepur) on 3rd June 1863 A.D., Jeth Sudi 10th, Vikrami Samvat 1920 by Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji.
Q.142 Who started the Non- co-operation movement against the British Govt?
Ans. Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji started the Non-Cooperation movement against the British Govt for the first time in the history of India.
Q.143 In which year did Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji go to Haridwar on the occasion of Ardh Kumbhi Mela ?
Ans. In 1861 A.D.
Q.144 What were the views of Dr. Rajinder Prasad (the first President of India) about the Swadeshi Movement ?
Ans. The movement of boycott and non-co-operation which Mahatama Gandhi had adopted much later in our country, was started and implemented by Satguru Ram Singh Ji 50 years ago.
Q.145 How many Namdhari Sikhs out of those involved in the armed attack on Maler-Kotla were given life-imprisonment (Kala Pani)? Name them
Ans. These four Sikhs were given life-imprisonment:- (1) Sant Bhagwan Singh (2) Sant Gian Singh (3) Sant Mehar Singh (4) Sant Thaman Singh.
Q.146 How many policemen and cannons were brought to blow the Namdhari Sikhs at Maler-Kotla?
Ans. 750 Policemen and officers and 9 cannons were brought from the States of Patiala and Nabha to blow up the Namdhari Sikhs at Maler-Kotla.
Q.147 How many Namdhari Sikhs were blown up in Maler-Kotla Saka on 17th Jan 1872 A.D.?
Ans. 49 Namdharis were blown by cannons on 17 Jan. 1872 A.D. One Namdhari boy (aged 12)named Bishan Singh was beheaded (martyred) by sword on the same day at Maler Kotla .
Q.148 How was Shaheed Bishan Singh martyred?
Ans. The wife of then D.C. of Ludhiana, Mr. L. Cowan who was present at the site,asked his husband to forgive the boy as he was just an innocent child. Mr. Cowan agreed to forgive him if Bishan Singh would say that he was not a Sikh(disciple) of Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji. Upon hearing this, Bishan Singh said that he wished to say something in the ears of the D.C. When the D.C. Mr. Cowan bowed to listen to the boy, Bishan Singh dared to catch the beard of Mr. Cowan and pulled it very hard and asked him ; “Will you say it again that I am not a Sikh of Satguru Ram Singh?” The bodyguards of the D.C. tried to pull the boy away, but failed in their attempt. This led to the cutting off the hands of Bishan Singh on the spot. He was beheaded by sword there and then.
Q.149 How many Namdharis were martyred on 18 Jan 1872 at Malerkotla?
Ans. 16 Namdhari Sikhs were blown up by cannons on 18 Jan. 1872 A.D.
Q.150 Where was and for how long, Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji kept under imprisonment ?
Ans. Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji was sent to Allahabad with a servant (named Nanu Singh) on 18th Jan 1872 A.D. in the morning (at 4 A.M.) from Ludhiana by a special train. On 10th March 1872 A.D., Sri Satguru Ji was shifted to Calcutta. On 11th March 1872 A.D. He was sent to Rangoon (now Yangon) in British Burma (with his personal attendant Bhai Nanu Singh) by a ship at 7 PM. on 16th March 1872 A.D. He was kept there up to 18th Sept, 1880 A.D. and then shifted to Margui in Burma on 21 Sept, 1880 A.D.
Q.151 In which Yatch Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji travelled when He was shifted from Burma to Margoi ?
Ans. He travelled in a yatch named Ananda.
Q.152 How many years Satguru Ram Singh Ji had spent in confinement at Shri Bhaini Sahib ?
Ans. He had spent four years (from 3rd June 1863 A.D. to 1866 A.D) in confinement at Sri Bhaini Sahib.
Q.153 Who were the first five Subas (Governors) appointed by Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji for preaching the Sikh religion?
Ans. 1) Suba Sahib Singh Ji 2) Baba Jawahar Singh Ji 3) Suba Lakha Singh Ji
4) Suba Kahan Singh Ji 5) Suba Sudh Singh Ji
Q.154 What steps were taken by Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji under the Non-Cooperation Movement?
Ans. Major steps were initiated which led to the boycott of :
- Roads (not to use roads built by the British Govt.)
- Schools ( not to study in Schools run by the British Govt.)
- Courts ( not to go to the British courts but to settle the disputes by mutual consent or as ordered by the Suba or Satguru Ji) ,
- Trains ( not to travel by trains since these too were built by the British Govt.)
- Post Offices ( not to send one’s letters through British Post Offices but had instead set-up their own postal system which
- was more efficient and faster than the British Postal System. In this system, Namdhari Sikhs themselves carried the letters or communication from one village to another)
- Clothes (to make and use the hand-spun ‘Khadi’ clothes)
- Government services (not to join any Government Service)
- Disobedience of the laws made and implemented by the British regime.
Since the percentage of Namdharis at that time was approximately 50% of the population in the Northern India of that time (spread over 7-8 states of modern India and entire West Pakistan). This non-cooperation had a real detrimental effect on the British Govt.
Q.155 How many Subas were appointed for spreading the Namdhari Sikh sect?
Ans. Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji had appointed 22 Subas to spread the Namdhari Sikh sect far and & wide.
Q.156 How many Hola Mohalla’s were celebrated by Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji?
Ans. Shri Satguru Ram Singh celebrated Six Holas viz.
Ist Hola:At Village Khotey in Distt. Ferozepur in 1866 A.D. (Vikrami Samvat 1922)
2nd Hola:At Anandpur Sahib in 1868 A.D. (Vikrami Samvat 1923)
3rd Hola: At Sri Bhaini Sahib in 1868 A.D. (Vikrami Samvat 1924)
4th Hola:At Manna Wale in 1869 A.D. (Vikrami Samvat 1925)
5h Hola:At Sri Bhaini Sahib in 1870 A.D. (Vikrami Samvat 1926)
6th Hola:At Anandpur Sahib in 1871 A.D. (Vikrami Samvat 1927)
Q.157 When did the Namdharis attack the slaughter house to up-keep the sanctity of the Holy shrine Harimandir Sahib in Amritsar and how many Namdhari Sikhs were martyred in this incident ?
Ans. Namdharis had attacked the slaughter house at mid night of 14th and 15th June 1871, killed the butchers and freed the cows. As a result,the under-mentioned Sikhs were sentenced to death by hanging on 15th Sep 1871 A.D. in Ram Bagh, Amritsar where at present, a Namdhari Shaheedi Samarak (Memorial) is in place.
i) Bhai Lehna Singh
ii) Bhai Fateh Singh
iii) Bhai Hakam Singh Patwari
iv) Bhai Beehla Singh
On 12th August 1873 A.D.. Bhai Jhanda Singh was also hanged.
Q.158 When and where was Shaheed Bishan Singh martyred ?
Ans. Shaheed Bishan Singh was martyred on 17th January 1872 A.D. at Maler Kotla
Q.159 How many Kukas were killed or condemned to death in the massacre at Malerkotla and by which means?
Ans. Total 80 Kuka Sikhs were martyred in this unparallel incident in history. Four were sentenced to life imprisonment in the Cellular Ja;l at Port Blair in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. At Maler Kotla, 65 Sikhs were blown by cannons whereas one child Bishan Singh was beheaded by sword. Eight Sikhs had sacrificed themselves in the battles at Maloud and Malerkotla.
Q.160 When did the British Govt. take Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji under custody ?
Ans. The British Govt. took Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji under custody on 17th Jan. 1872 A.D. Suba Jawahar Singh, Suba Sahib Singh. Suba Lakha Singh and Hazoori Sewak Bhai Nanu Singh were also taken into custody along with Satguru Ji.All of them were sent (by a special train from Ludhiana) to Allahabad in the morning of 18th Jan. 1872 A.D. After about a month, His Holiness was shifted to British Burma.
Q.161 When was the first Hukamnama (letter or’ciictat’) of Satguru Ram Singh Ji received from exile?
Ans. The first written Hukamnama was brought by Baba Darbara Singh Ji from Rangoon where Satguru Ji was kept in exile. In that Hukamnama, Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji had ordered the Namdhari Sangat that now onwards Sri Satguru Hari Singh Ji (Baba Budh Singh) would lead the Sikhs. “The name of Budh Singh is changed to Hari Singh. He will look after the Sikhs. Consider him your leader from today onwards. I shall not pardon anyone who is expelled by him. He can pardon the one expelled by me.”
Q.162 Give the name of those Guru Sahibs who were known with different names before acquiring the Guruhood
- Ans Shri Satguru Angad Dev Ji – Bhai Lehna Ji
- Shri Satguru Ram Dass Ji – Bhai Jetha Ji
- Shri Satguru Teg Bahadur Ji – Teg Mal Ji
- Shri Satguru Gobind Singh Ji – Gobind Rai Ji
- Shri Satguru Hari Singh Ji – Bhai Budh Singh Ji
- Shri Satguru Jagjit Singh Ji – Beant Ji.
Q.163 Who brought the first Hukamnama issued by Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji ?
Ans Baba Darbara Singh brought the first Hukamnama from Rangoon in 1874 A.D.
Q.164 Satguru Ram Singh Ji did not leave for the heavenly abode in Margui (Burma) , prove it ?
- Ans. Proof :- Sir Charles Bernard (Chief Comissioner of Burma) wrote a letter in 1886 that Guru Ram Singh Kuka was being shifted to such a remote place where-from it would be difficult for the Kukas to contact or establish a link with Him. The cause of His death was declared as diarrohea in 1885 A.D. But as per the jail record, not even a single death due to diarrohea was declared in the jail in 1885 A.D. and the Government could not explain this anomaly.
- It was not proved by the Census of 1891.
- Belongings of Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji (his clothes, Garwa and Nitnem Gutka) were not returned by the Govt. The fact is that Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji will come back again. All religious worship that we preform is only for the sake of Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji.
Q.165 Name the Sikhs of the Maler Kotla massacre who were given lifeimprisonment in exile?
Ans. Bhagwan Singh , Gian Singh, Thaman Singh and Mehar Singh were exlied as well as given life imprisonment on 19 January 1872 A.D.
Q.166 Why was Satguru Ram Singh Ji also called “Chini Wala Patshah”?
Ans. Sardar Mangal Singh Bishanpuria had gifted a white mare to Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji and His Holiness always took His ride on this mare. That is why Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji is also called “Chini Wala Patshah”.
Q.167 Write a short note on the Kuka revolt of village Tharajwala ?
Ans. Kukas of village Tharajwala (Distt. Ferozepore) had revolted against the British government in Feb. 1869 A.D. The then Deputy Commissioner of Ferozepur had fined and imprisoned the leaders of this group, namely – Mastan Singh, Gurmukh Singh, Harnam Singh , Gurbax Singh, Bachhitar Singh of Kurafi wala and Bali Singh of Tharaj Wala and freed 37 men.
Q.168 Who was Bhai Nanu Singh?
Ans. Bhai Nanu Singh was the personal attendant ( Hazoori Sewak) of Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji.
Q.169 For how much time was Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji in the Sikh Army ?
Ans. Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji was in the Sikh Army for 8 years i.e. from 1837 A.D. to 1845 A.D.
Q.170 Which two Sikhs were found to be perfect in Sikhism by Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji?
Ans. While Baba Lehana Singh Ji of Gharjakh , Gujranwala (Son-inlaw of Sardar Hari Singh Nalua) and Baba Jamiat Singh of Kahna Kacha were found to be perfect in Sikhism,Baba Jamiat Singh Gill was found to be half perfect in Sikhism by Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji, because he was taking interest on the lended money.
Q.171 Name the Hazoori Ragis of Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji?
Ans. Bhai Ditu Ji and Bhai Kalu Ji were the Hazoori Ragis of Shri Satguru Ram Singh Ji. They belonged to Distt. Jalandhar
Q.172 When did Mata Jass Kaur pass away ?
Ans. Mata Jassan Ji passed away in Vikrami Samvat 1928.
Q.173 When did Satguru Ram Singh Ji go to Takhat Kesh Garh Sahib ?
Ans. Satguna Ram Singh Ji went to Takhat Kesh Garh Sahib (located at Anand Pur Sahib) on 20th March 1867 A.D.
Q.174 How was Sant Waryam Singh martyred during the Maler Kotla Massacre ?
Ans. On 18th Jan. 1872 A.D., after 15 Sikhs were blown-up by cannons, it was the turn of Sant Waryam Singh who was related to Maharaja of Patiala. Due to the political pressure put up by the Maharaja of Patiala, Sant Waryam Singh was pardoned on the pretext of his short stature ( that he was short of the height required to be blown up by cannon) but he had immediately gathered some mud blocks from a nearby field and stood up on the heap facing the cannon and offered himself to be blown up.
Q.175 List the articles (items) which the police had found during the search of Shri Bhaini Sahib after Satguru Ram Singh Ji’s departure for banishment in Burma?
- Ans. Two Khukri’s (Knives) gifted from Nepal
- Ornaments of gold and silver.
- 36 Safa Jang or Takuaye (used in Havan and during partaking of Amrit)
- Rs. 500/- in cash
- Six Gandasey (Axes)
- Rods and Chakkars or Round Shields.
- Some important Papers.
- Personal clothing of Satguru Ji and Shawls.
Q.176 What were the steps taken by the British to control the Namdhari activities after the Maler Kotla Massacre?
- Ans. A strong police force was stationed at the main gate of Shri Bhaini Sahib Gurdwara.
- Assembling or gathering of more than 5 Namdharis was prohibited.
- They could not lecture in the open and holding of Shabad Kirtan (Diwan) was prohibited.
- Before going to any village or city, every Namdhari was required to appear before the divisional officer and apply for the permission.
- Property of prominent Namdharis was confiscated.
- Whosoever organised Akhand Paath as well as those persons who recited the Gurbani were fined heavily. Whoever denied to pay fine (or was unable to pay fine), was jailed and his property confiscated.
Q.177 When did Satguru Ram Singh Ji get the Adi Sri Granth Sahib printed and by whom ? .
Ans. Satguru Ram Singh Ji got the Adi Sri Granth Sahib printed by S. Buta Singh of Lahore in 1859 A.D. with the press letters made out of stone.